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Benutzer Diskussion:Rowa

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[bearbeiten] qemu

QEMU PC emulator version 0.10.4, Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
usage: qemu [options] [disk_image]

'disk_image' is a raw hard image image for IDE hard disk 0

Standard options:
-h or -help     display this help and exit
-M machine      select emulated machine (-M ? for list)
-cpu cpu        select CPU (-cpu ? for list)
-smp n          set the number of CPUs to 'n' [default=1]
-fda/-fdb file  use 'file' as floppy disk 0/1 image
-hda/-hdb file  use 'file' as IDE hard disk 0/1 image
-hdc/-hdd file  use 'file' as IDE hard disk 2/3 image
-cdrom file     use 'file' as IDE cdrom image (cdrom is ide1 master)
-drive [file=file][,if=type][,bus=n][,unit=m][,media=d][,index=i]
       [,cyls=c,heads=h,secs=s[,trans=t]][,snapshot=on|off]
       [,cache=writethrough|writeback|none][,format=f][,serial=s]
                use 'file' as a drive image
-mtdblock file  use 'file' as on-board Flash memory image
-sd file        use 'file' as SecureDigital card image
-pflash file    use 'file' as a parallel flash image
-boot [a|c|d|n] boot on floppy (a), hard disk (c), CD-ROM (d), or network (n)
-snapshot       write to temporary files instead of disk image files
-m megs         set virtual RAM size to megs MB [default=128]
-k language     use keyboard layout (for example "fr" for French)
-audio-help     print list of audio drivers and their options
-soundhw c1,... enable audio support
                and only specified sound cards (comma separated list)
                use -soundhw ? to get the list of supported cards
                use -soundhw all to enable all of them
-usb            enable the USB driver (will be the default soon)
-usbdevice name add the host or guest USB device 'name'
-name string    set the name of the guest
-uuid %08x-%04x-%04x-%04x-%012x
                specify machine UUID

Display options:
-nographic      disable graphical output and redirect serial I/Os to console
-curses         use a curses/ncurses interface instead of SDL
-no-frame       open SDL window without a frame and window decorations
-alt-grab       use Ctrl-Alt-Shift to grab mouse (instead of Ctrl-Alt)
-no-quit        disable SDL window close capability
-sdl            enable SDL
-portrait       rotate graphical output 90 deg left (only PXA LCD)
-vga [std|cirrus|vmware|none]
                select video card type
-full-screen    start in full screen
-vnc display    start a VNC server on display

Network options:
-net nic[,vlan=n][,macaddr=addr][,model=type][,name=str]
                create a new Network Interface Card and connect it to VLAN 'n'
-net user[,vlan=n][,name=str][,hostname=host]
                connect the user mode network stack to VLAN 'n' and send
                hostname 'host' to DHCP clients
-net tap[,vlan=n][,name=str][,fd=h][,ifname=name][,script=file][,downscript=dfile]
                connect the host TAP network interface to VLAN 'n' and use the
                network scripts 'file' (default=/etc/qemu-ifup)
                and 'dfile' (default=/etc/qemu-ifdown);
                use '[down]script=no' to disable script execution;
                use 'fd=h' to connect to an already opened TAP interface
-net socket[,vlan=n][,name=str][,fd=h][,listen=[host]:port][,connect=host:port]
                connect the vlan 'n' to another VLAN using a socket connection
-net socket[,vlan=n][,name=str][,fd=h][,mcast=maddr:port]
                connect the vlan 'n' to multicast maddr and port
-net none       use it alone to have zero network devices; if no -net option
                is provided, the default is '-net nic -net user'
-tftp dir       allow tftp access to files in dir [-net user]
-bootp file     advertise file in BOOTP replies
-smb dir        allow SMB access to files in 'dir' [-net user]
-redir [tcp|udp]:host-port:[guest-host]:guest-port
                redirect TCP or UDP connections from host to guest [-net user]

-bt hci,null    dumb bluetooth HCI - doesn't respond to commands
-bt hci,host[:id]
                use host's HCI with the given name
-bt hci[,vlan=n]
                emulate a standard HCI in virtual scatternet 'n'
-bt vhci[,vlan=n]
                add host computer to virtual scatternet 'n' using VHCI
-bt device:dev[,vlan=n]
                emulate a bluetooth device 'dev' in scatternet 'n'


i386 target only:
-win2k-hack     use it when installing Windows 2000 to avoid a disk full bug
-rtc-td-hack    use it to fix time drift in Windows ACPI HAL
-no-fd-bootchk  disable boot signature checking for floppy disks
-no-acpi        disable ACPI
-no-hpet        disable HPET
-acpitable [sig=str][,rev=n][,oem_id=str][,oem_table_id=str][,oem_rev=n] \
 [,asl_compiler_id=str][,asl_compiler_rev=n][,data=file1[:file2]...]
                ACPI table description
Linux boot specific:
-kernel bzImage use 'bzImage' as kernel image
-append cmdline use 'cmdline' as kernel command line
-initrd file    use 'file' as initial ram disk

Debug/Expert options:
-serial dev     redirect the serial port to char device 'dev'
-parallel dev   redirect the parallel port to char device 'dev'
-monitor dev    redirect the monitor to char device 'dev'
-pidfile file   write PID to 'file'
-S              freeze CPU at startup (use 'c' to start execution)
-s              wait gdb connection to port
-p port         set gdb connection port [default=1234]
-d item1,...    output log to /tmp/qemu.log (use -d ? for a list of log items)
-hdachs c,h,s[,t]
                force hard disk 0 physical geometry and the optional BIOS
                translation (t=none or lba) (usually qemu can guess them)
-L path         set the directory for the BIOS, VGA BIOS and keymaps
-bios file      set the filename for the BIOS
-kernel-kqemu   enable KQEMU full virtualization (default is user mode only)
-no-kqemu       disable KQEMU kernel module usage
-no-reboot      exit instead of rebooting
-no-shutdown    stop before shutdown
-loadvm [tag|id]
                start right away with a saved state (loadvm in monitor)
-daemonize      daemonize QEMU after initializing
-option-rom rom load a file, rom, into the option ROM space
-clock          force the use of the given methods for timer alarm.
                To see what timers are available use -clock ?
-localtime      set the real time clock to local time [default=utc]
-startdate      select initial date of the clock
-icount [N|auto]
                enable virtual instruction counter with 2^N clock ticks per instruction
-echr chr       set terminal escape character instead of ctrl-a
-virtioconsole c
                set virtio console
-show-cursor    show cursor
-tb-size n      set TB size
-incoming p     prepare for incoming migration, listen on port p
-chroot dir     Chroot to dir just before starting the VM.
-runas user     Change to user id user just before starting the VM.

During emulation, the following keys are useful:
ctrl-alt-f      toggle full screen
ctrl-alt-n      switch to virtual console 'n'
ctrl-alt        toggle mouse and keyboard grab

When using -nographic, press 'ctrl-a h' to get some help.

[bearbeiten] qemu-img

qemu-img version 0.10.4, Copyright (c) 2004-2008 Fabrice Bellard
usage: qemu-img command [command options]
QEMU disk image utility

Command syntax:
  create [-e] [-6] [-b base_image] [-f fmt] filename [size]
  commit [-f fmt] filename
  convert [-c] [-e] [-6] [-f fmt] [-O output_fmt] [-B output_base_image] filename [filename2 [...]] output_filename
  info [-f fmt] filename
  snapshot [-l | -a snapshot | -c snapshot | -d snapshot] filename

Command parameters:
  'filename' is a disk image filename
  'base_image' is the read-only disk image which is used as base for a copy on
    write image; the copy on write image only stores the modified data
  'output_base_image' forces the output image to be created as a copy on write
    image of the specified base image; 'output_base_image' should have the same
    content as the input's base image, however the path, image format, etc may
    differ
  'fmt' is the disk image format. It is guessed automatically in most cases
  'size' is the disk image size in kilobytes. Optional suffixes
    'M' (megabyte, 1024 * 1024) and 'G' (gigabyte, 1024 * 1024 * 1024) are
    supported any 'k' or 'K' is ignored
  'output_filename' is the destination disk image filename
  'output_fmt' is the destination format
  '-c' indicates that target image must be compressed (qcow format only)
  '-e' indicates that the target image must be encrypted (qcow format only)
  '-6' indicates that the target image must use compatibility level 6 (vmdk format only)
  '-h' with or without a command shows this help and lists the supported formats

Parameters to snapshot subcommand:
  'snapshot' is the name of the snapshot to create, apply or delete
  '-a' applies a snapshot (revert disk to saved state)
  '-c' creates a snapshot
  '-d' deletes a snapshot
  '-l' lists all snapshots in the given image

Supported formats: nbd parallels qcow2 vvfat vpc bochs dmg cloop vmdk qcow cow host_device raw

[bearbeiten] qemu-nbd

qemu-nbd --help
Usage: qemu-nbd [OPTIONS] FILE
QEMU Disk Network Block Device Server

  -p, --port=PORT      port to listen on (default `1024')
  -o, --offset=OFFSET  offset into the image
  -b, --bind=IFACE     interface to bind to (default `0.0.0.0')
  -k, --socket=PATH    path to the unix socket
                       (default '/var/lock/qemu-nbd-DEVICE')
  -r, --read-only      export read-only
  -P, --partition=NUM  only expose partition NUM
  -s, --snapshot       use snapshot file
  -n, --nocache        disable host cache
  -c, --connect=DEV    connect FILE to the local NBD device DEV
  -d, --disconnect     disconnect the specified device
  -e, --shared=NUM     device can be shared by NUM clients (default '1')
  -t, --persistent     don't exit on the last connection
  -v, --verbose        display extra debugging information
  -h, --help           display this help and exit
  -V, --version        output version information and exit

Report bugs to <anthony@codemonkey.ws>

Von „https://qemu-buch.de/de/index.php?title=Benutzer_Diskussion:Rowa

Diese Seite wurde bisher 80.065 mal abgerufen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 13. Mai 2009 um 05:24 Uhr geändert. Inhalt ist verfügbar unter der GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.


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